The Sailing Safety and First Aid Measures
Sailing the rookie in the introduction: to observe the surrounding environment, but also to prepare the correct wearing and equipment, but also to ensure a good physical condition and a balanced diet. However, when you are truly sailing in the sea, facing security and challenges, security issues are especially important. This sailing knowledge, let us talk about how to sail safely.
First, the code of conduct
1. The sea is not only for sailing, but also for those who like yachting, fishing, swimming, surfing, etc., and those who live and transport by boat. Mutual respect and understanding are very important to the sailing crew. This attitude is a basic good quality for all outstanding crew members.
2. Keep your ship in full control.
3. See people who need help and the boat must help them.
4. Pay attention to swimming and diving areas, stay away from fishing nets, and stay away from commercial traffic routes.
5. Generally speaking, sailing ships have priority navigation rights than power boats, but for reasons of courtesy and safety, it is best to avoid large power boats in crowded ports.
Second, life jacket
Life jackets, also known as personal aids, are undoubtedly your most important marine safety equipment. You should wear your life jacket at all times in the sea. After getting into the habit, you will find it natural to wear a life jacket. Make sure the life jacket is reliable and fits in size and won't fall off when you fall into the water. Yellow and orange are the most striking colors in the waves.
There are 5 basic life jacket types:
Type 1 (sea) - designed to rescue long-term occupants who are stranded at sea. It protects an unconscious person with his face up and his back facing down.
Type 2 (nearshore) - designed for those who sail in the river and are in danger of being rescued quickly. It can help some people face up and face down. They are slightly less buoyant than type 1.
Type 3 (buoy aid) - designed for people who are sailing calmly in the river. This floating coat helps the conscious person to float vertically or back slightly.
Type 4 (throwable device) - such as a floating pad or lifebuoy, thrown to a drowning person when it is dangerous. But this equipment can not replace the life jacket.
Type 5 - Similar to Type 3, there is also a piece of equipment that protects the head. These devices only have a little buoyancy, and when necessary, open the valve or pull the rope to puncture the compressed air bottle to inflate the life jacket.
Never underestimate the value of a life jacket: it may save your life.
Third, the phenomenon of temperature loss and heat stroke
If you don't wear it properly, the temperature is too high or the water temperature is too low, which may pose a serious threat to you. If the body is cold for a long time, there may be a temperature loss. The most common cause of temperature loss is that it stays in cold water for too long, or it may be cooler. Heat exposure in the hot weather may cause heat stroke. In the hot sun, you should drink plenty of water; when the sun is shining and the breeze can't, you can jump into the water to swim and cool down.
Symptoms of hypothermia:
1. Chills, trembling. 2. A decline in judgment. 3. Dizzy. 4. Numbness. 5. The mind is gradually blurred. 6. Weak. 7. Eyes are dull.
Treatment for hypothermia:
1. Move the crew with hypothermia to a warm place and check the pulse and breathing.
2. Gently take off all the wet clothes, wrap it on a blanket or cover it with dry clothes to make it warm. Do not heat up too fast, so as not to cause heart rate disorder.
3. After restoring consciousness, you can only drink hot water without alcohol or caffeine.
Mild heatstroke symptoms:
1. Chills, pale skin. 2. Sweating. 3. Headache. 4. Dizzy. 5. Disgusting. 6. Collapse.
Mild heat stroke treatment:
1. Move the patient to a cool place.
2. Take off the clothes that are soaked in sweat and untie the tight clothes.
3. Cool down with a cool wet towel or sheet.
4. Blow the fan.
5. Give half a glass of water (4 ounces; about 115 ccs) every quarter of an hour.
Severe heatstroke symptoms:
1. The skin is red, hot, irritated or damp.
2. Consciousness is gradually blurred.
3. The body temperature is extremely high.
4. A lot of vomiting.
5. The pulse is weak and weak. 6, shortness of breath is weak
Severe heatstroke treatment:
1. A severe heatstroke threatens life. Anyone with severe heat stroke needs to lower their temperature and contact the emergency doctor immediately. The processing method is as follows:
2. Move the patient to a cool place.
3. Cool down with a cool wet towel or sheet.
4. Place ice packs on the patient's wrists, ankles, groin, armpits, and neck.
5. If you lose consciousness, check your breathing and pulse immediately. First aid if necessary.
Fourth, to avoid electric shock
A maritime danger that is often overlooked is the wires on the head. Getting familiar with
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